Abandoned explosive ordnance (AXO)
Source : CCW V & IATG Mod.
 
Explosive ordnance that has not been used during an armed conflict, a military exercise, or on a firing range, that has been left behind or dumped by a party to an armed conflict, or its owners, and which is no longer under control of the party that left it behind or dumped it. Abandoned explosive ordnance may or may not have been primed, fuzed, armed or otherwise prepared for use.
Source : CCW V & IATG Mod.
Aircraft bomb
Source : IATG
 

Explosive munition, not subject to centrifugal forces and with a nearly vertical angle of descent delivered from an aircraft.


Source : IATG
Ammunition
Source : JSP 482
 

A complete device (e.g. missile, shell, mine, demolition store etc.) charged with explosives, propellants, pyrotechnics, initiating composition or nuclear, biological or chemical material for use in connection with offence, or defence, or training, or non-operational purposes, including those parts of weapons systems containing explosives.


Source : JSP 482
Area bombardment
Source : AAP-6 Mod.
 

An attack on an area rather than on one specific target by one or a number of weapons firing several projectiles into that area. Bombing of a group of targets constituting an area rather than a pinpoint target.


Source : AAP-6 Mod.
Area effects
Source : CEW
 

The magnitude sum of primary (i.e. blast, heat, fragmentation) and secondary (i.e. fragmentation, debris, burns, toxicity) explosive weapon effects on humans, including structural damage and collapse, radiating from the impact location(s) of one or more munitions.


Source : CEW
Area target
Source : AAP-6
 
A target consisting of an area rather than a single point.
Source : AAP-6
Arm
Source : JSP 482
 

To make a fuzing system ready for functioning by removal of all the safety constraints, thus permitting the munition to function on receipt of a specified firing stimulus.


Source : JSP 482
Artillery gun
Source : ARES
 

A gun of a calibre greater than 57 mm, which is not man-portable, is designed for indirect fire and capable of hitting targets at a considerable range. Characterised by a heavy barrel, generally several metres long and most commonly fitted to a self-propelled vehicle or a towed trailer. Modern artillery guns feature recoil mechanisms, and many are capable of being used in the direct fire role. Includes ‘howitzers’, which are generally understood to be comparatively short-range artillery guns firing a heavy projectile at a relatively low muzzle velocity.


Source : ARES
Artillery munitions
Source : CEW
 

Medium and large-calibre munitions for artillery weapons, such as guns, howitzers, cannons, missile and rocket launchers, that are primarily designed to fire indirectly at targets.


Source : CEW
Assembly area (civilian)
Source : CEW
 

Any location where groups of people gather on a regular basis for various commercial, social, educational, religious, administrative or commuting purposes.


Source : CEW
Assembly place
Source : JSP 482
 
A place or building where it is customary for members of the public to assemble, e.g. church, school, sports stadium.
Source : JSP 482
Barrage
Source : CEW & AAP-6
 

For the purposes of CEW, barrage refers to an explosive weapon attack of a minimum of 8 projectiles of the same type impacting one (target) area. For example, 4 guns firing 2 rounds each.

Fire, which is designed to fill a volume of space or area rather than aimed specifically at a given target.


Source : CEW & AAP-6
Battle damage assessment (BDA)
Source : AAP-6
 

The assessment of effects resulting from the application of military action, either lethal or non-lethal, against a military objective.


Source : AAP-6
Bi-propellant
Source : JSP 482
 

A liquid propellant in the form of two substances, a fuel and an oxidizer; they are stored separately and brought together when their mutual chemical reaction is required to produce thrust.


Source : JSP 482
Blast
Source : JSP 482 Mod.
 

A destructive wave of gases or air produced in the surrounding atmosphere by a detonation. The blast includes a shock front, high pressure behind the shock front and a rarefaction following the high pressure.


Source : JSP 482 Mod.
Blind
Source : JSP 482 Mod.
 

A prepared explosive store, which though initiated, has failed to arm as intended or to explode after being armed; failing to function correctly after initiation, becoming unexploded ordnance (UXO).


Source : JSP 482 Mod.
Bomb
Source : IATG
 

Explosive munition, not subject to centrifugal forces and with a nearly vertical angle of descent, usually delivered from an aircraft or mortar.


Source : IATG
Brisance
Source : IATG
 
The shattering effect of an explosive or explosion.
Source : IATG
Calibre
Source : ARES
 

The calibre designation of a munition reflects the nominal projectile diameter, which is most often determined based on the bore of a weapon, as measured across the features of the weapon’s rifling.

The calibre can be determined from the diameter of the lands (X), the diameter of the grooves (Y), or the average diameter of both (X+Y divided by 2); alternatively, it can correspond with an arbitrary figure, which is provided by the cartridge or weapon designer. Some calibres (typically those using imperial measurements) are commonly measured between the grooves, instead of being based on the diameter of the lands of the barrel’s rifling, although this is not always the case. In smoothbore weapons, the calibre may be determined by measuring the diameter of the projectile, the barrel or may be an arbitrary measurement. The term ‘calibre’ is sometimes applied to measurements of munitions other than projectiles, such as rockets and missiles. In these cases, it is generally equivalent to the outer diameter of the body at its widest or average point.


Source : ARES
City, Town, Village, Hamlet
Source : CEW
 

A human settlement with a name, built-up area and an established community. The categorisation in terms depends on the size and density of the population as well as sum of housing and economic infrastructure, and varies from region to region. More specifically:

City is a large town; an inhabited place with greater size, population, administration or importance than a town.

Town has defined boundaries and local governance, and is larger than a village and generally smaller than a city, with its own business or shopping area.

Village is a group of houses and associated buildings, generally larger than a hamlet and smaller than a town, situated in a rural area.

Hamlet is a small settlement, generally smaller than a village and without a place of worship.


Source : CEW
Cluster munitions
Source : CEW
 

A human settlement with a name, built-up area and an established community. The categorisation in terms depends on the size and density of the population as well as sum of housing and economic infrastructure, and varies from region to region. More specifically:

City is a large town; an inhabited place with greater size, population, administration or importance than a town.

Town has defined boundaries and local governance, and is larger than a village and generally smaller than a city, with its own business or shopping area.

Village is a group of houses and associated buildings, generally larger than a hamlet and smaller than a town, situated in a rural area.

Hamlet is a small settlement, generally smaller than a village and without a place of worship.


Source : CEW
Cluster munitions
Source : IATG
 

Containers designed to disperse or release multiple submunitions. Note: Generally only applied to weapons dispersing explosive submunitions.


Source : IATG
Collateral damage
Source : AAP-6
 

Inadvertent casualties and destruction in civilian areas caused by military operations.


Source : AAP-6
Concentration of civilians
Source : CCW Protocol III
 

Any concentration of civilians be it permanent or temporary, such as in inhabited parts of cities, or inhabited towns or villages, or as in camps or columns of refugees or evacuees, or groups of nomads.


Source : CCW Protocol III
Conventional munitions
Source : AAP-6 Mod.
 
Munitions, which are neither nuclear, biological nor chemical.
Source : AAP-6 Mod.
Conventional weapon
Source : AAP-6
 

A weapon, which is neither nuclear, biological nor chemical.


Source : AAP-6
Debris
Source : JSP 482
 

Any portion of the natural ground or of a structure or material (not part of the functioning explosive weapon) that is propelled from the site of an explosion. Also known as projections.


Source : JSP 482
Deflagration
Source : JSP 482
 

A rapid chemical reaction in which the output of heat is sufficient to enable the reaction to proceed and be accelerated without input of heat from another source. Deflagration is a surface phenomenon with the reaction products flowing away from the unreacted material to the surface at subsonic velocity. The effect of a deflagration under confinement is an explosion. Confinement of the reaction increases the pressure rate of reaction and temperature and may cause transition into a detonation.


Source : JSP 482
Demilitarisation
Source : IATG
 

The complete range of processes that render weapons, ammunition and explosives unfit for their originally intended purpose.


Source : IATG
Detonation
Source : JSP 482
 

An exothermic reaction wave, which follows and also maintains, a supersonic shock front in an explosive.


Source : JSP 482
Detonator
Source : JSP 482
 

A device containing a sensitive explosive intended to produce a detonation wave.


Source : JSP 482
En masse
Source : CEW
 

In a mass, all together, as a group: several weapons firing a number of munitions as a single group, near-simultaneously.


Source : CEW
Explosion
Source : JSP 482
 

A nuclear, chemical or physical process leading to the sudden release of energy (and usually gases and heat) giving rise to external pressure waves.


Source : JSP 482
Explosive
Source : IATG
 

Solid or liquid substance or mixture of substances, which by intrinsic chemical reaction is capable of producing an explosion. A substance or mixture of substances, which, under external influences, is capable of rapidly releasing energy in the form of gases and heat.


Source : IATG
Explosive charge
Source : IATG
 

A bagged, wrapped or cased quantity of explosives without its own integral means of ignition. Secondary means of ignition may or may not be incorporated.


Source : IATG
Explosive ordnance (EO)
Source : AAP-6 Mod.
 

All munitions containing explosives. This includes bombs and warheads; guided and ballistic missiles; artillery, mortar, rocket and small arms ammunition; all mines, torpedoes and depth charges; pyrotechnics; clusters and dispensers; cartridge and propellant actuated devices; electro-explosive devices; clandestine and improvised explosive devices; and all similar or related items or components explosive in nature.


Source : AAP-6 Mod.
Explosive remnants of war (ERW)
Source : IATG Mod.
 

Unexploded ordnance (UXO) and abandoned explosive ordnance (AXO) that remain after the end of an armed conflict, military operation, on a range etc., including all munitions, mines and cluster munitions.


Source : IATG Mod.
Explosive substance
Source : JSP 482
 

A substance or mixture of substances, which are capable by a chemical reaction in itself of producing gas at such a temperature and pressure and at such speed as to cause damage to surroundings or which is designed to produce an effect by heat, light, sound, gas or smoke or a combination of these as a result of non-detonating, self-sustaining exothermic chemical reactions.


Source : JSP 482
Explosive weapon primary effects
Source : CEW
 

Destructive effects radiating from the point of initiation of detonating ordnance and include blast overpressure, fragmentation, heat and light.


Source : CEW
Explosive weapon secondary effects
Source : CEW
 

Destructive, immediate additional effects to the primary explosive weapon effects due to the interaction with structures and substances present in built and natural environments. Examples are secondary fragmentation generated by blast or primary fragmentation, fires caused by thermal output, the generation of toxic gases and hazardous chemicals, smoke, debris, etc.


Source : CEW
Explosive weapon tertiary effects
Source : CEW
 
Indirect increase in the pattern of harm from the primary and secondary effects, manifesting in reduced safety and security, lack of health services, lost livelihoods, poor nutrition and hygiene, weakened governance and social services and rise of socio-economic problems. Examples are lack of food and water supply, dysfunction of sewage system and telephone lines, inability to access medical care and schooling, loss of livelihoods and unemployment, lack of basic security and other detrimental consequences on everyday activity. Interchangeable with Reverberating effects
Source : CEW
Explosive weapons
Source : CEW
 

Weapons and munitions that generally consist of a casing with a high explosive filling and whose destructive effects result mainly from the blast wave and fragmentation produced by detonation.


Source : CEW
Explosive weapons in populated areas (EWIPA)
Source : CEW
 

Refers to the use of an explosive weapon (primarily ones capable of wide area effects) in a hamlet, village, town or city where there are civilians and civilian infrastructure within the range of its primary and/or secondary effects.


Source : CEW
Fragment
Source : JSP 482 Mod.
 

Any solid material in contact with an explosive or surrounding it closely that is propelled from the site of an explosion and often splintered. It is mainly applied to the ordnance metal casing and other non-explosive components. Note: Secondary fragments may be glass, concrete, metal, wood, etc. from the environment affected by blast and primary fragmentation


Source : JSP 482 Mod.
Fuse
Source : JSP 482 Mod.
 

In munitions and explosive terms: a simple burning fuse, e.g. safety fuse, fuse instantaneous.


Source : JSP 482 Mod.
Fuze
Source : JSP 482 Mod.
 
A device designed to control the initiation of a main (explosive) charge.
Source : JSP 482 Mod.
Grenade
Source : IATG
 

Munition that is designed to be thrown by hand or to be launched from a rifle. Excludes rocket-propelled grenades (c.f. Rocket).


Source : IATG
Guided missile (GM)
Source : IATG
 

Guided missiles consist of propellant-type motors fitted with warheads containing high explosive or other active agent and equipped with electronic guidance devices.


Source : IATG
Harm
Source : IATG
 

Physical injury, death or damaging effects to the health of people, or damage to property or the environment.


Source : IATG
Hazard
Source : IATG
 
Potential source of harm.
Source : IATG
Heavy explosive weapon
Source : CEW
 

Artillery weapon system (field gun, howitzer, cannon, mortar, rocket launcher), air-delivered bomb, a missile or a tank gun, which has a calibre of 100 mm and above and munition with explosive payload.


Source : CEW
High explosive (HE)
Source : JSP 482
 

A substance or mixture of substances, which in their application as primary, booster or main charge in ammunition is required to detonate.


Source : JSP 482
High velocity projections
Source : CEW
 

Debris or fragments at high velocity as the result of an explosion and that may have sufficient remaining energy to propagate the explosion of another source capable of explosion or deflagration.


Source : CEW
Hospitals, schools etc.
Source : CEW
 

Vulnerable buildings, facilities or groups of these where people are normally present in large numbers.


Source : CEW
Hypergolic
Source : JSP 482
 

Capable of spontaneous ignition on contact with another specific substance.


Source : JSP 482
Hypergolic propellant
Source : JSP 482
 

A self-igniting bi-propellant in which fuel and oxidizer ignite on contact with each other.


Source : JSP 482
Hypergolic reaction
Source : IATG
 

The spontaneous ignition of two components, particularly relevant in the case of liquid bi-propellants.


Source : IATG
Incendiary munition
Source : IATG Mod.
 

A munition containing an incendiary substance, which may be a solid, liquid or gel; this includes white and red phosphorus, thermite, jellied fuel mixture, etc.


Source : IATG Mod.
Inert
Source : IATG Mod.
 

A munition that contains no explosive, pyrotechnic, lachrymatory, radioactive, chemical, biological or other toxic components or substances. This term is also used for the empty body of an item before being filled, or a rendered safe item.


Source : IATG Mod.
Inert filling
Source : JSP 482 Mod.
 

A non-explosive filling used to replace explosives and enable operational items to be simulated for training and testing, and increasingly for operational purposes.


Source : JSP 482 Mod.
Inhabited area
Source : CEW
 
An area where people live, visit or work.
Source : CEW
Inhabited building
Source : JSP 482
 

A building or structure occupied in whole or in part by people. Used synonymously with occupied building.


Source : JSP 482
Inhabited place
Source : CEW
 
Any place (area) where people are present.
Source : CEW
Lachrymatory ammunition
Source : IATG
 

Ammunition containing chemical compounds that are designed to temporarily incapacitate by causing tears or inflammation of the eyes.


Source : IATG
Light explosive weapon
Source : IATG Mod.
 

Any man-portable weapon designed for use by two or three persons serving as a crew (although some may be carried and used by a single person) that is designed to expel or launch a projectile by the action of an explosive charge and uses high explosive munitions. Includes hand-held under-barrel and mounted grenade launchers, portable anti-aircraft guns and missile systems, portable anti-tank guns and rocket and missile systems, recoilless rifles and mortars of a calibre of less than 100 mm, as well as their parts, components and high explosive munitions.


Source : IATG Mod.
Liquid propellant
Source : JSP 482
 

Any liquid that can be used for the chemical generation of gas at controlled rates and used for propulsion purposes.


Source : JSP 482
Low order detonation
Source : IATG
 
An incomplete and relatively slow detonation, being more nearly combustion than an explosion.
Source : IATG
Market place
Source : CEW
 

A dedicated area, normally in or near a settlement, where stalls or shops are erected on at least one day per week and people can exchange or buy goods or services.


Source : CEW
Medical/first aid centre
Source : CEW
 

A place where people can go for assistance if they are wounded or ill. Can be anything from a marked out area with no structure, to a large hospital.


Source : CEW
Meeting place
Source : CEW
 

A geographically defined place where groups of people regularly meet, often for a common purpose or to assemble prior to travelling to another place.


Source : CEW
Mine
Source : AAP-6
 

In land mine warfare, an explosive munition designed to be placed under, on or near the ground or other surface area and to be actuated by the presence, proximity or contact of a person, land vehicle, aircraft or boat, including landing craft.


Source : AAP-6
Missile
Source : IATG
 

An armament store designed to be released from an aircraft or discharged from a gun or launcher towards a selected point usually to cause damage at that point. Note: The term is often used synonymously with guided missile.


Source : IATG
Mortar
Source : ARES
 

Generally a smoothbore, muzzle-loading, indirect fire gun firing relatively low velocity munitions. Conventional mortars do not have recoil mechanisms, with the main recoil force being transmitted directly to the ground via the baseplate. Most mortars are restricted in elevation, and are only capable of firing at high-angle trajectories (above 45°), preventing use in the direct fire support role.


Source : ARES
Multi-barrel rocket launcher (MBRL)
Source : ARES
 

A rocket launching system with more than one barrel, arranged so as to be able to fire in relatively quick succession, without the need to reload. Most commonly fitted to a self-propelled vehicle or a towed trailer. Sometimes referred to as a ‘multiple launch rocket system’ (MLRS), however this is the name of a specific U.S.-made weapon system.


Source : ARES
Munition
Source : JSP 482 Mod.
 

A complete device, (e.g. missile, shell, mine, demolition store etc.) charged with explosives, propellants, pyrotechnics, initiating compositions or nuclear, biological or chemical material, for use in connection with offence, or defence, or training, or non-operational purposes, including those parts of weapon systems containing explosives. Synonymous with Ammunition. Note: Term ‘ammunition’ includes; shells, bullets, fuses and powder; whereas ‘munition’ carries a broader reference to, artillery guns, missiles, and bombs. ‘Munitions’ (plural) can be ‘weapons used in combat’.


Source : JSP 482 Mod.
Nature (when related to ammunition)
Source : IATG
 

The specific types of ammunition. A means of categorising ammunition or munitions by their function (e.g. anti-tank ammunition or riot control ammunition).


Source : IATG
Net explosive quantity (NEQ)
Source : JSP 482 Mod.
 

The total explosives content present in a container, ammunition, building etc., unless it has been determined that the effective quantity is significantly different from the actual quantity. It does not include such substances as white phosphorus, war gas or smoke and incendiary compositions unless these substances contribute significantly to the dominant hazard of the Hazard Division concerned. Also known as Net Explosive Content (NEC), Net Explosive Mass (NEM) or Net Explosive Weight (NEW). Can also be referred to as Equivalent Net Explosive Quantity (ENEQ), where TNT equivalence is used.


Source : JSP 482 Mod.
Neutralize
Source : IATG
 

To alter the state of a piece of ammunition or munition so that it cannot explode, e.g. by replacing safety devices such as pins or rods into an explosive item to prevent the fuze or igniter from functioning, or by disrupting the explosive train.


Source : IATG
Overpressure
Source : JSP 482 Mod.
 

The pressure above atmospheric pressure resulting from the blast wave of an explosion. It is referred to as ‘positive’ when it exceeds atmospheric pressure and ‘negative’ when during the passage of the wave the resulting pressures are less than the atmospheric pressure.


Source : JSP 482 Mod.
Performance failure
Source : IATG
 

The failure of ammunition or any of its constituent parts, including the explosives, to function as designed.


Source : IATG
Phosphorus
Source : IATG
 

A flare/smoke-producing incendiary composition, or smoke-screening agent, made from a common allotrope of the chemical element phosphorus.


Source : IATG
Place of worship
Source : CEW
 

A specially designed structure or consecrated space where individuals or groups of people perform religious acts.


Source : CEW
Populated area
Source : CCW
 

Area likely to contain concentrations of civilians. The term ’concentrations of civilians‘ is defined in Protocol III to the Convention on Certain Conventional Weapons as any concentration of civilians, be it permanent or temporary, such as in inhabited parts of cities, or inhabited towns or villages, or as in camps or columns of refugees or evacuees, or groups of nomads. NOTE: Populated areas are NOT synonymous with “urban”.


Source : CCW
Population density
Source : CEW
 

The number of human inhabitants of an area per square kilometre (km2).


Source : CEW
Precautionary measures
Source : ICRC API Art. 57-58 Mod.
 

Precautions in attack (art 57): verify that targets are military objectives and not subject to special protection; choose means and methods of warfare to avoid and minimise loss of civilian life and injury and damage to civilian objects; refrain from launching a disproportionate attack; cancel or suspend an attack if the target is not a military objective or subject to special protection; provide effective advance warnings whenever possible; and choose the military objective expected to cause least danger to civilians and civilian objects.

Precautions against the effects of attack (Art 58): seek to remove the civilians and civilian objects from the vicinity of military objectives; avoid locating weapons, troops or other military objectives within or near densely populated areas; and take other precautions to protect the civilians and civilian objects against dangers resulting from military operations.


Source : ICRC API Art. 57-58 Mod.
Preventive measures
Source : CEW
 

Measures taken in advance to prevent the occurrence of collateral damage or to mitigate their effects.


Source : CEW
Primary explosive
Source : JSP 482
 

An explosive substance, which is sensitive to spark, friction, impact or flame, and is capable of promoting initiation in an unconfined state. Generally, primary explosives are synonymous with initiating explosives.


Source : JSP 482
Proliferation
Source : IATG
 

The increase or spread of weapons and ammunition to users.


Source : IATG
Proof
Source : JSP 482
 

The functional testing and assessment of an explosive to ascertain its performance.


Source : JSP 482
Propellant
Source : JSP 482
 

A substance on its own or in a mixture with other substances that can be used for the chemical generation of gases at the controlled rates required for propulsive purposes.


Source : JSP 482
Propellant Stabiliser
Source : IATG
 

A substance added to single or double base propellants to retard decomposition.


Source : IATG
Protective measures
Source : IATG
 
Means used to reduce risk.
Source : IATG
Pyrophoric
Source : IATG
 

A substance capable of spontaneous ignition when exposed to air, such as white phosphorous.


Source : IATG
Pyrotechnic
Source : JSP 482
 

A substance or mixture of substances which, when ignited, undergo an energetic chemical reaction at a controlled rate intended to produce effects such as light, smoke, sound or flame.


Source : JSP 482
Recreation area
Source : CEW
 

A designated area for recreational use.


Source : CEW
Reverberating effects
Source : CEW
 

Reverberating Effects of Explosive Force (REEF) is interchangeable with Tertiary Explosive Weapon Effects.


Source : CEW
Risk
Source : IATG
 

Combination of the probability of occurrence of harm and the severity of that harm.


Source : IATG
Risk analysis
Source : IATG
 

Systematic use of available information to identify hazards and to estimate the risk.


Source : IATG
Rocket
Source : JSP 482
 

A missile whose motion is due to reaction propulsion and whose flight path cannot be controlled during flight.


Source : JSP 482
Rocket motor
Source : IATG
 

Article consisting of a solid or liquid fuel contained in a cylinder fitted with one or more nozzles. They are designed to propel a rocket or a guided missile.


Source : IATG
Round
Source : JSP 482 Mod.
 

A complete assembly of a projectile (with or without fuze), the propelling charge in a cartridge case and the means of igniting the propelling charge.


Source : JSP 482 Mod.
Safe
Source : IATG
 

The absence of risk. Normally the term ‘tolerable risk’ is more appropriate and accurate.


Source : IATG
Salvo
Source : CEW
 

For the purposes of CEW, salvo refers to an explosive weapon attack of between 2 and 9 projectiles of the same type in one (target) area by at least two weapons (one round each).


Source : CEW
Secondary fragmentation
Source : IATG Mod.
 

Fragmentation, which in an explosive event, did not originate from the munition.


Source : IATG Mod.
Small arms ammunition (SAA)
Source : CEW
 
Ammunition fired from weapons not above 14.5 mm in calibre.
Source : CEW
Smoke ammunition
Source : IATG
 
Ammunition containing a smoke-producing substance.
Source : IATG
Spalling
Source : JSP 482
 

Spalling occurs by the transmission of a shock wave through material that creates high-speed particles from the opposite face of that material without breaching it.


Source : JSP 482
Standing operating procedures (SOPs)
Source : IATG
 

Instructions that define the preferred or currently established method of conducting an operational task or activity. Their purpose is to promote recognisable and measurable degrees of discipline, uniformity, consistency and commonality within an organisation, with the aim of improving operational effectiveness and safety. SOPs should reflect local requirements and circumstances.


Source : IATG
Submunition
Source : IATG
 

Any munition that, to perform its tasks, separates from a parent munition (e.g. cluster munitions).


Source : IATG
Supply centre
Source : CEW
 

A location where natural resources, raw materials, components and finished products are gathered prior to being distributed to customer outlets or customers.


Source : CEW
Supply chain
Source : CEW
 

A system of organisations, people, activities, information and resources involved in moving a product or service from producer to customer.


Source : CEW
Tank gun
Source : ARES
 

A gun fitted to a battle tank as its primary armament. In modern usage, typically of 75 mm to 155 mm in calibre, featuring an advanced stabilisation system and capable of firing a variety of different munitions. Often, but not always, fitted with an autoloader.


Source : ARES
Target
Source : AAP-6
 

The object of a particular action, for example a geographic area, a complex, an installation, a force, equipment, an individual, a group or system planned for capture, exploitation, neutralization or destruction by military forces.


Source : AAP-6
Target area
Source : CEW
 

The target plus the surrounding area within range of a weapon’s primary and secondary explosive effects.


Source : CEW
Targeting
Source : AAP-6
 

The process of selecting and prioritising targets and matching the appropriate response to them, taking into account operational requirements and capabilities.


Source : AAP-6
Tolerable risk
Source : IATG
 

Risk, which is accepted in a given context based on the current values of society.


Source : IATG
Town
Source : CEW
 

A town is a human settlement generally larger than a village but smaller than a city. What constitutes a town varies considerably in parts of the world and is mainly dictated by the population density, occupied geographical area and economical functions within, as well as administrative importance to the host state. A town has defined boundaries and local governance, with its own business or shopping area. Refer to City, Town, Village, Hamlet.


Source : CEW
Transport hub
Source : CEW
 

A transport hub (also interchange) is a place where passengers and cargo are exchanged between vehicles or between transport modes. Public transport hubs include train stations, rapid transit stations, bus and tram stops, airports and ferry terminals.


Source : CEW
Type
Source : JSP 482
 

A division of ammunition in accordance with its general design, e.g. AP, SAP, Nose Ejection.


Source : JSP 482
Unexploded ordnance (UXO)
Source : IMAS
 

EO that has been primed, fuzed, armed or otherwise prepared for use or used. It may have been fired, dropped, launched or projected yet remains unexploded either through malfunction or design or for any other reason.


Source : IMAS
Village
Source : CEW
 

Human settlement. Usually small and consisting of a few dwellings and only the most basic of infrastructures. In a more populated region can refer to a settlement of up to 5000 people and have basic necessities i.e. shops, church, meeting place etc. Refer to City, Town, Village, Hamlet.


Source : CEW
Vulnerable building
Source : JSP 482
 

Building deemed to be vulnerable by nature of its construction or function.


Source : JSP 482
Warhead
Source : JSP 482
 
That portion of a missile intended to be lethal or incapacitating.
Source : JSP 482
Weapon
Source : IATG
 

Anything used, designed or intended for use in causing death or injury, or for the purposes of threatening or intimidating any person.


Source : IATG
Weapon with wide area effects
Source : CEW
 

An explosive weapon capable of producing primary and secondary effects well beyond the point of initiation, including by means of the large destructive radius of the individual munition(s) used, inaccuracy of the delivery system or munition, the use of multiple munitions, or a combination of these factors.


Source : CEW